Prevention of War, Conflict and Armed Violence
Campaign Material and Research
Affiliate members around the world are actively working to reduce deaths and injuries from small arms on a global scale. IPPNW has prepared a resource section of materials that may be helpful. We encourage affiliate members to download and print the materials for regional and local use.
To join the Aiming for Prevention email listserv, please contact
Aiming for Prevention Campaign Materials
- Aiming for Prevention campaign logo - [PDF horizontal version 42KB]
- Aiming for Prevention
campaign logo - [PDF vertical version 43KB]
- Medical Voices Against Violence flyer
A4 - [PDF vertical version 99KB]
- One Bullet Story poster, 11"x17"
- [PDF English 267KB]
- One Bullet Story poster, 11"x17" - [PDF Spanish 265 KB]
- One Bullet Story poster, 11"x17" - [PDF French 265KB]
- One Bullet Story brochure, 11"x15" (to
fold into 11"x7.5" size) - [PDF English only 364KB]
- Aiming for Prevention – Key Focus Areas [PDF]
- Armed Violence: A Health Crisis, a Public Health Approach
[Contact Maria Valenti for the PPT]
IPPNW Policy Briefs
- Health Professionals Guide to the ATT – Promoting Signature, Ratification, and Implementation of the Arms Trade Treaty. [PDF English]
- Prescriptions for Prevention: A Public Health, Human-Centered Approach to Reducing Firearm Violence, Promoting Health and Development. [PDF]
- Prescriptions for Prevention: The Role of the Health Community in Implementing a Robust Arms Trade Treaty. 2015. [PDF]
- How Healthy is the UN PoA: Doctors Take the Pulse of Progress. 2014. [PDF]
- Improving the Health of the UN PoA – Recommendations to States. 2015.
Websites and other online resources
- Action on Armed Violence
The central mission: to reduce harm and to rebuild lives affected by armed violence.
- Control Arms Coalition
A global coalition addressing the international trade in arms.
- Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development
A diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development.
A comprehensive source for published evidence on armed violence, firearm law and gun control. It is hosted by the Sydney School of Public Health, the University of Sydney. The School provides internationally recognised leadership in public health by advancing and disseminating knowledge — in this case, supporting global efforts to prevent gun injury. With its partners and contributors, GunPolicy.org promotes the public health model of firearm injury prevention, as adopted by the WHO's Global Campaign for Violence Prevention and the UN Programme of Action on small arms.
The global movement against gun violence.
- Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)
An independent research institution known for its effective synergy of basic and policy-relevant research. In addition to such research, PRIO conducts graduate training and is engaged in the promotion of peace through conflict resolution, dialogue and reconciliation, public information and policymaking activities.
- Small Arms Survey
An independent research project located at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, Switzerland. It serves as the principal international source of public information on all aspects of small arms and armed violence.
- World Health Organization Violence Prevention Alliance
A network of WHO Member States, international agencies and civil society organizations working to prevent violence. Participants are committed to implement the recommendations of the World report on violence and health
- The Homicide Monitor
Igarape Institute - an open source data-driven visualization tool that shows the distribution, dimensions and dynamics of homicide around the world. It describes the total number of homicides per country, their frequency per 100,000 people, and where data is available, the breakdown by gender and type of weapon.
- Small Arms and Ammunition Trade Data Visualization
Produced by Google as part of Google Ideas with support from the Igarape Institute and the Peace Research Institute of Oslo – arms imports and exports from States and territories 1992-2010.
Journals Publishing on Armed Violence
- Injury Prevention
An international peer-reviewed journal, offers the best in science, policy, and public health practice to reduce the burden of injury in all age groups around the world. Linked with the British Medical Journal.
- Journal of Public Health Policy
The Journal is committed to providing an accessible source of scholarly articles on the epidemiologic and social foundations of public health policy, rigorously edited, and progressive.
- Medicine, Conflict and Survival
The official journal of IPPNW. An international peer-reviewed journal for all those interested in health aspects of violence and human rights.
- Stability: International Journal of Security and Development
Open-access. Publishes research quickly and free of charge in order to have a maximal impact upon policy and practice communities. Stability's objective is to foster an accessible and rigorous evidence base, clearly communicated and widely disseminated, to guide future thinking, policymaking and practice concerning communities and states experiencing widespread violence and conflict.
Selected Bibliography Relevent to Health and Armed Violence
Note: * Indicates IPPNW affiliate or member contribution
*2016 - Collinson L, Winnington A, Vriniotis M. The Value of Hospital Data: Understanding and Preventing Intentional Injury in Liberia. Small Arms Survey. Working Paper 22, January 2016.
*2007 - Journal of Public Health Policy Special Section: Small Arms and Light Weapons in Africa - A Major Challenge to Public Health and Development
- Hugenberg F, Odhiambo Anjango W, Mwita A and Opondo D. Firearm Injuries in Nairobi, Kenya: Who Pays the Price? J Public Health Pol 28: 410-419; doi:10.1057/palgrave.jphp.3200152. [PDF]
- John I, Mohammed A, Pinto AD, and Nkanta C. Gun Violence in Nigeria: A Focus on Ethno-Religious Conflict in Kano. J Public Health Pol 28: 420-431; doi:10.1057/palgrave.jphp.3200155. [PDF]
- Marsh N. Taming the Tools of Violence, Journal of Public Health Policy 28:401-409; doi:10.1057/palgrave.jphp.3200153. [PDF]
- Valenti M, Ormhaug C, Mtonga R. and Loretz J. Armed Violence: A Health Problem, a Public Health Approach, Journal of Public Health Pol 28: 389-400; doi:10.1057/palgrave.jphp.3200150. [PDF]
- Zavala DE, Bokongo S, John IA, Mpanga SI, Mtonga RE , Mohammed AZ, Odhiambo W and Olupot-Olupot P. A Multinational Injury Surveillance System Pilot Project in Africa. J Public Health Pol 28: 432-441; doi:10.1057/palgrave.jphp.3200154. [PDF]
* 2008 - Special Section on the prevention of injuries caused by violence in Vol.24, No. 4 (2008), Medicine, Conflict and Survival. Abstracts are available online and full papers can be obtained by contacting the lead author.
- John IA, Mohammed AZ, Lawoko S, Nkanta CA, Frank-Briggs A, Nwadiaro HC, Tuko M, Zavala DE, Kolo ES, Ramalan MA, Bassey DE, Didi E. Implementing a hopital based injury surveillance system: a case study in Nigeria. Medicine, Conflict and Survival 2008; 24(4):273-279. [LINK]
- Malhotra S. Relevance and application of TEACH-VIP: perspective from a developing nation - India. Medicine, Conflict and Survival 2008; 24(4):296-305. [LINK]
- Mtonga RE. Implementing a hopital based injury surveillance system in Zambia: a preliminary report. Medicine, Conflict and Survival 2008; 24(4):280-284. [LINK]
- Pinto AD. Engaging health professionals in advocacy against gun violence. Medicine, Conflict and Survival 2008; 24(4):285-295. [LINK]
- Zavala DE, Bokongo S, John IA, Senoga IM, Mtonga RE, Mohammed AZ, Odhiambo W, Olupot-Olupot P. Implementing a hospital based injury surveillance system in Africa: lessons learned. Medicine, Conflict and Survival 2008; 24(4):260-272 [LINK]
Books, Papers, Publications
- * Arya N, "Confronting the small arms pandemic" Editorial in the British Medical Journal, April 27, 2002. [PDF]
- * Arya N. and W. Cukier. "The International Small Arms Situation: A Public Health Approach." In Ballistic Trauma: A Practical Guide. Springer-Verlag, 2004.
- * Arya N, Santa Barbara J. Eds. Peace Through Health: How Health Professionals Can Work for a Less Violent World. Kumarian Press, 2008. [LINK]
- *Ashford M. and Dauncy, G. Enough Blood Shed - 101 Solutions to Violence, Terror and War. New Society Publishers, 2006. [LINK]
- * Buhmann CB. "The Role of Health Professionals in Preventing and Mediating Conflict." Medicine, Conflict & Survival 21, no. 4 (2005): 299-311.
- Butchart et al. Preventing violence: a guide to implementing the recommendations of the world report on violence and health. Department of Injuries and Violence Prevention. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2004. [LINK]
- Coupland R. M. "The Effect of Weapons on Health." Lancet 347, (1996): 450-451.
- Cukier W. and Chapdelaine A. "Small Arms: A Major Public Health Hazard." Medicine & Global Survival 7, no. 26 (2001): 32.
- Global Trade in Small Arms: Health Effects and Interventions, IPPNW and SAFER-Net. March 2001. [PDF]
- Galeria J, Phebo L. Using public health information to inform, build support and implement policies for gun violence prevention: A case study from the gun ban referendum, African Security Review Vol 15 No 2. [LINK]
- Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development. Global Burden of Armed Violence, 2015. Geneva. [LINK]
- * John IA The Impact of Small Arms on Health in Nigeria. Medicine, Conflict & Survival 21, no. 4 (2005): 312-314.
- Kobusingye O. Injury prevention and safety promotion in Africa – local actors and global partners. African Safety Promotion. 2006;Vol 4 No 1:44-51.
- Kobusingye O. "The Effects of SALW Proliferation and Abuse in Gulu District, Uganda: A Public Health Approach." Bonn International Centre for Conversion Briefs 24, no. Gender perspectives on SALW: Regional and International Concerns (2002): 73-77.
- Kobusingye O., Guwatudde D, and Lett R. "Injury Patterns in Rural and Urban Uganda." Injury Prevention 7, no. 1 (2001): 46-55.
- Krug EG et al. World report on violence and health. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2002. [LINK]
- *Levy B, and Sidel V, Eds. Social Injustice and Public Health, Oxford University Press, 2005. [LINK]
- * Levy B and Sidel V, Eds. War and Public Health; Oxford University Press, 2000. [LINK]
- MacQueen G, Santa-Barbara J. Peace building through health initiatives. BMJ. 2000;321:293-296.
- Nordberg E. "Injuries as a Public Health Problem in Sub-Saharan Africa: Epidemiology and Prospects for Control." East African Medical Journal 77, no. 12 Suppl (2000): S1-S43.
- * Onazi O, Swomen HE. The radio: a tool for violence prevention in Jos, Nigeria. Med Confl Surviv 2011 Jan-Mar; 27(1):15-6.
- PAHO, Guidelines for the Epidemiological Surveillance on Violence and Injuries. 2001. [LINK]
- * Paniagua I, Crespin E, Guardado A and Mauricio A. Wounds caused by firearms in El Salvador, 2003-2004: Epidemiological Issues. Medicine, Conflict & Survival 21, no. 3 (2005): 191-198. [PDF]
- * Pinto AD, Olupot-Olupot P, Neufeld VR. Health implications of small arms and light weapons in eastern Uganda. Med Confl Surviv. 2006; 22(3):207-19. [PDF]
- Plümper T, Neumayer E. The unequal burden of war: the effects of armed conflict on the gender gap in life expectancy. International Organization. 2006;(3)723-754.
- * Ruler A. Making the Case for Gun Law Reform Kai Tiaki Nursing New Zealand. March 2009; Vol 15, No2. [PDF]
- * Sidel V, The International Arms Trade and Its Impact on Health, in British Medical Journal, 23 December 1995. [PDF]
- Small Arms Survey and the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development. Every Body Counts: Measuring Violent Deaths. Geneva, 2015.
- Ugalde A, Selva-Sutter E, Castillo C, Paz C, and Canas S. "The Health Costs of War: Can they be Measured? Lessons from El Salvador." British Medical Journal 321, (2000): 169-172.
- * Valenti M, Mtonga R, Gould R, Christ M. The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT): A public health imperative. J Public Health Policy. 2014 Feb;35(1):14-25. [LINK]
- * Wesley R, Sidel V, Gun Violence A Call for Physician Activism: Lessons From the Struggle to Ban Weapons of Mass Destruction, Medicine and Global Survival, June 1994 Vol. 1, No. 2. [PDF]
- Woodhouse, T. "Preventive Medicine: Can Conflicts be Prevented?" British Medical Journal 319, (1999): 396-397.
- World Health Organization, World Report on Violence and Health, Geneva 2002. [LINK]
- World Health Organization. Small arms and global health. WHO contribution to the UN conference on illicit trade world in small arms and light weapons July 9-20, 2001. WHO/NMH/VIP/01.1. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2001. [LINK]
- World Health Organization, United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Office of Crime and Drugs. Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014. Geneva, 2014. [LINK]
- World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, Universite Catholique de Louvain. Armed conflict and public health. A report on knowledge and knowledge gaps. Brussels;2002. [PDF]
- Zwi AB. "How should the Health Community Respond to Violent Political Conflict?" PLoS Medicine 1, no. 1 (2004): e14.
IPPNW Statements on Small Arms and Light Weapons
- Prescriptions for Prevention: A Health and Human-Centered Approach to Reducing SALW Violence - Conference room paper submitted by the IANSA Public Health Network to the UN PoA 2012. [PDF]
- NGOs Urge Governments to "Cast a Wide Net" in Controlling Small Arms
Report on IPPNW participation at the Preparatory Committee, 2nd Session, UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, 8-19 January, 2001 at the UN in New York. [PDF]
- Statement by Cathey Falvo, MD, MPH, at the Small Arms PrepComm, 18 January, 2001. [PDF]
Health and War in Iraq
- Body Count: Casualty Figures after 10 Years of the "War on Terror" IPPNW Germany, PSR, PGS. March 2015. [PDF]
- Rehabilitation Under Fire: Health Care in Iraq 2003-7. January 2008. [PDF]
- Continuing Collateral Damage: The Health and Environmental Costs of War on Iraq. Medact. November 2003. [PDF]
- Collateral Damage: The Health and Environmental Costs of War on Iraq. Medact. November 2002. [PDF]
Primary Care of Landmine Injuries in Africa.
Produced by IPPNW. Contributing Editor: Ian Maddocks. Editorial: Piji Protopsaltis, Lynn Martin, and John Loretz. Design: Lynn Martin. 2000. This was a 70+ page document, so it is broken up into chapter for more maneageable downloading.
Chapter 1: Basic Information [PDF]
Chapter 2: Care at the Place Where Injury Occurs [PDF]
Chapter 3: Care at the Rural Clinic [PDF]
Chapter 4: Care at the District Hospital
Part 1 [PDF]
Part 2 [PDF]
Part 3 [PDF]
Part 4 [PDF]
Part 5 [PDF]
Part 6 [PDF]
Chapter 5: Rehabilitation [PDF]
Chapter 6: Psycho-social Issues Consequent on Landmine Injury [PDF]
Peaceful Caucases: A Future Without Mines. Report
in Russia and
Soviet Union. December 5-7, 1999.